Welcome to the Syringoma Website
What is Syringoma?
Syringoma are benign (non cancerous) tumours. These harmless bumps are typically found around the eye and eyelid area. They may also be found around the underarms, umbilicus (belly button), upper chest or vulva area. They usually appear as flesh coloured or slightly yellowish firm bumps. They can sometimes be confused with Xanthelasma or Milia as they can be quite round in appearance and slightly raised. They can vary in size but are commonly between 1-3mm in size.
Syringomas are not painful or itchy but can be a source of irritation and look cosmetically unattractive. This is why many people try to identify suitable treatments available to remove them.
Clear-cell syringoma is a similar clinical presence as the common syringoma but they usually appear as papules (a solid elevation of the skin).
Eruptive syringoma is more common on darker skin types where they present themselves as small flesh coloured papules and occur in successive crops.
What causes syringoma?
Syringoma bumps are completely harmless. They are caused by the overgrowth of cells from the eccrine glands (sweat glands) or sweat glands that are overactive.
There is also evidence to suggest that their cause can be liked to Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Marfan’s syndrome or Down Syndrome.
Ehlers Danlos syndrome is a connective tissue disorder that is genetic. It is caused by a defect in the protein collagen. It is characterized by skin extensibility, joint hypermobility and tissue fragility. There are a number of types of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and they are classified by the signs and symptoms that are presented.
Marfan’s syndrome is a connective tissue disorder and commonly affects the connective tissue of the heart, lungs, bones, eyes and blood vessels. It is a hereditary condition that affects how the body makes fibrillin. People with Marfan’s syndrome tend to be unusually tall, with long limbs and long, thin fingers.
Who gets them?
They are more common in women than men, appearing usually during adolescence, although they can appear at any stage of life. Syringomas can develop in people of any ethnic origin. There is some suggestion that they made be hereditary.
Up to 18% of people with Down syndrome have syringoma and people with Diabetes commonly develop a type of syringoma called clear cell syringoma.
A less common variation of syringoma, called eruptive syringoma which is more commonly seen in people with darker skin.